Glaucoma is not a single problem but is a group of several related eye disorders that causes irreversible damage to the optic nerve, which carries information from the eye to the brain. It is called a silent thief of sight because it produces no symptoms and causes no pain until a complete loss of vision is noticed. The condition is associated with ocular hypertension, which refers to a higher blood pressure inside the eye. But it is also known to occur when intraocular pressure (IOP) is not normal. 

If not treated at the right time, it can lead to peripheral vision loss and eventually result in complete blindness. Some cases may also require surgery. Hence, make sure that you look for an expert and reliable specialist for undergoing glaucoma surgery in Mumbai.

Types of glaucoma

Glaucoma is divided into two major categories. In open-angle glaucoma, the aqueous can access the drainage angle while if the drainage angle is blocked and the aqueous cannot access the angle, then it is called narrow-angle glaucoma. The drainage angle controls the outflow of the watery fluid that is being continuously produced in the eyes.

Symptoms of the condition

Most of the time, glaucoma does not cause any pain or any other symptoms. But patients with acute angle-closure glaucoma can experience sudden symptoms like halos around lights, intense eye pain, blurry vision, nausea, and vomiting.

Diagnosis of glaucoma

The condition is diagnosed using an instrument called a tonometer, which is used to measure your intraocular pressure. The test is done by applying eye drops to numb your eyes. Then a small probe is gently rested on your eye surface and other tonometers send a puff of air onto the eye's surface and the IOP is measured. If you have a high IOP reading, then you should know that there is an issue with the amount of fluid in your eyes. The normal amount of IOP is below 21 mmHg. If your IOP is greater than 30 mmHg, then the risk of vision loss due to glaucoma is 40 times higher.

Another method of diagnosis includes the use of sophisticated imaging technology that creates baseline images and measurements of the eye's optic nerve and other structures. 

Treatments available

Laser treatment or medication are the two most widely used methods to treat glaucoma. There are several eye drops that are aimed at lowering IOP and are the first option given by the specialists. But one should be mindful of regular use of these medications, since people may tend to become careless about it, as glaucoma is painless and it can be one of the major reasons for permanent damage to your eyes. You should also be mindful that if you find the drops you are using to be uncomfortable or inconvenient, then never stop their usage, before consulting with the specialist.

However, the doctor may also suggest surgery, depending upon the severity of the condition. There are many good options available for having glaucoma surgery in Mumbai.

Final words

Recent studies have shown that the risk of glaucoma can be reduced by doing regular exercise. The reason is that exercise improves the blood flow in your body, thus helping in better circulation of the blood to the eyes. An active lifestyle and proper maintenance of your body can also help in reducing the chances.