Being pregnant is a wonderful feeling. During these 9 months, you might spend a lot of time thinking about your baby. Whether your baby will be a girl or a boy, will he/she be healthy, will you have a safe delivery, all these questions might be in your mind right now. You must be taking good care of your health and eating healthy food for the benefit of you and your baby.

But some situations cannot be in your control. There can be some complications that you don't know about or that you cannot avoid. In such cases, you might feel helpless, as you may not know what is happening. One such complication is molar pregnancy.

After reading this blog, you will have a better understanding of molar pregnancy, its causes, symptoms and treatment.

What is molar pregnancy?

You might already be knowing about the placenta. The placenta is a tissue that forms in the womb after fertilization. It supplies food and oxygen from your blood to your baby.

If the placenta does not form properly during pregnancy, it leads to molar pregnancy. In these cases, abnormal tissue or tumour gets formed instead of the placenta, because of which your baby may not get enough food and oxygen. This tumour is called as a hydatidiform mole.

Molar pregnancy happens at the time of fertilization itself, but can only be detected after the tissue or tumour becomes bigger.

What causes molar pregnancy?

The fertilized egg should have 23 pairs of chromosomes - one set from the mother, and the other set from the father. Chromosomes carry information about the body's functioning.

Because of some complications during fertilization, it may sometimes happen that an extra set of chromosomes comes from the father. This leads to molar pregnancy.

Molar pregnancy is of 2 types: partial molar pregnancy and complete molar pregnancy.

What is complete molar pregnancy?

During fertilization, if the chromosomes of the egg are lost or harmed, chromosomes from the sperm might get copied. In these cases, there will be 2 sets of chromosomes from the father. This leads to a complete molar pregnancy. There will be no embryo in the womb. Only the hydatidiform mole grows instead of the placenta.

What is partial molar pregnancy?

During fertilization, if 2 sperms fertilize the egg, the chromosomes of the sperm might get copied. In these cases, there will be 2 sets of chromosomes from the father and only 1 set from the mother. This leads to a partial molar pregnancy. Both the hydatidiform mole and the embryo grow abnormally. The embryo does not get enough food and oxygen, and will not survive.

Both these cases are dangerous, but you can still avoid any harm to yourself by going for regular checkups. Molar pregnancy can be detected during ultrasound scans. So go to your doctor regularly so that any complications can be found out as early as possible.

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