There are many theories explaining delinquent behavior. Some of them define the biological factors such as race to be the main reason instigating the criminal acts. Others assert that the environmental factors form the personality of an offender. The current paper aims to conclude whether the offenders can be prevented from committing illegal acts through available treatment options.

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The current theories explaining the deviant behavior suggest some interventions might decrease the willingness of the criminals to commit crimes. For an instance, biological theories assert that some people are born criminals as their psychological portrait differs from the one of average people. Cesare Lombroso is probably the first researcher that has developed the approach of comparing the body parts of criminals and obeying citizens (The Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research. He has identified four factors that might support the theory of delinquent attributes and affect the behavior of the criminals. They are biochemical elements, neurophysiological conditions, genetic inheritance, and intelligence. The theory suggests that biological treatment can be effective in changing the behavior. It is currently used to treat sexual offenders, while Maletzky and Field stresses on the hormone treatment of the criminals.

On the other hand, sociological theories provide that the offenders are affected by a number of the environmental factors in the course of their lives. The family, peer group, and the victim might cause the criminal to commit a deviant act. The three contemporary sociological theories explain the deviant behavior. The defensible space theory provides that the design of physical space might affect the criminal. The broken windows theory suggests that low lever disorder and crimes are connected. Finally, the routine activities theory considers the impact of the daily operations on the likelihood of crime committing. The validation of sociological theories is hard to attain. Moreover, their practical implementation is complex, as it requires individualized care and personalized treatment of every criminal. Yet, it is suggested that the educational and rehabilitation programs at the correctional institutions might be therapeutically for the offenders that meet the description of the theories.

In conclusion, it should be stressed that the crime act usually consists of many factors that influence a person and motivate him or her to commit the crime. Therefore, the programs aiming at the prevention and rehabilitation of offenders can be successful is they are multifunctional and address as many various influences as possible.