The inflammation, swelling, and stiffness in the fluid-filled sac (bursae) of the knee is called the bursitis in the knee. Bursae helps in the smooth functioning of the knee joints. Bursae is not only in the knee, it is also seen in all the joints like shoulder, hip, elbow and knee and help as a cushion to make the movements of the knee ligaments friction-free.

Types of knee bursitis

The tenderness and inflammation in the four types of bursae- suprapatellar, prepatellar, infrapatellar, and pes anserine- can cause specific bursitis in the knee. Suprapatellar bursitis occurs above the knee bones, Infrapatellar bursitis occurs below the patellar tendons and Prepatellar bursitis occurs in the middles.

What causes bursitis in the knee?

As one of the musculoskeletal disorders, bursitis can be caused by various reasons. Overuse or less use of the knee joints can breed bursitis in the knee. Build up or reduction in the fluid in the bursae can cause inflammation or extra friction in the knee joint and ensue in pain. The other causes are heavy impact on the knee, serious slip and fall, car accidents, infections.

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatments of bursitis in the knee

The symptoms of the bursitis in the knee include stiffness or tightness, redness, inflammation in the joint. Reduction in the movement and difficulty in doing daily chores can be the indications of bursitis. MRI, CT-Scan or ultrasound can be used to diagnose bursitis. Aspiration, anti-inflammatories, corticosteroid injections, and surgery can be beneficial in treating bursitis in the knee.

Tips for bursitis management

A gentle walk will help with the bursitis in the knee. Walking for an extended period of time, on the other hand, can aggravate the bursitis and cause severe pain. Heat and cold therapy, moving therapy, eating acid-forming foods, and using a Caster oil pack can all be beneficial. Soreness in the knee bursitis joint can be relieved by applying pressure and compression. The best exercises for bursitis knee bursitis joint include heel slide, straight-leg raises, and quad sets.

If untreated it can aggravate soft tissue injury in the knee. Bursitis joint is caused by calcium deposits in the soft tissues. If the same is untreated, the entire knee cannot move. The motion stops and the repercussion is too severe.


The human body works in the same way as a machine. The fluid-filled sac functions similarly to engine oil in the knee joints. When the body does not get enough exercise, the sac collects all of the fluid. Because it is not used, it forms a lump and causes bursitis in the knee or ankle, shoulder, elbow, hip, and other joints.